The construction of large-scale physical maps requires efficient approaches to generate new probes and link informative markers. The mapping of a human chromosomal segment was initiated by using the 18q21.3 probes, plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PLANH2) and BCL2, to screen a yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) library. An inverse polymerase chain reaction technique rescued genomic ends of the YAC inserts. These new probes were used in a chromosomal walking strategy which established that the PLANH2 gene was 600 kb telomeric and in the opposite transcriptional orientation to that of BCL2. Overall, 16 YACs with a mean size of ∼300 kb were analyzed using rare-cutting restriction endonucleases and 10 end-rescued probes. A contiguous map within 18q21.3 that spans approximately 2 Mb was assembled. This establishes the feasibility of using YACs in the efficient cloning and physical surveying of expanses of the human genome lacking closely spaced, genetic landmarks.