Premature ovarian failure curtails female reproductive life and is often linked to balanced Xq/autosomal translocations in a critical region. We mapped regions around translocations at the edges of this zone (one in Xq13.3, two in Xq26) in large-insert clones and analyzed their sequence. One Xq26 region is extensively transcribed and, in agreement with a recent independent analysis, the breakpoint interrupts a gene that encodes a widely expressed peptidase. In contrast 430 kb around the second Xq26 breakpoint has no putative or detected gene content. In 260 kb around the Xq13 translocation, the breakpoint falls among a cluster of repetitive elements at least 59 kb from the only detected gene (a rarely expressed T-box family transcription factor). We discuss our results in relation to models that ascribe premature ovarian failure to interruption of ovarian genes or to a failure of interactions involving DNA of the critical region during follicle development.
- Premature ovarian failure
- X Chromosome