Wpływ wybranych czynników genetycznych na wczesne powikłania nadciśnienia tȩtniczego

Translated title of the contribution: Influence of genetic factors on early hypertensive complications

Katarzyna Polonis, Michał Hoffmann, Krzysztof Narkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death worldwide, especially in developed countries. Genetic and environmental determinants play important roles in hypertension and its complications. This publication gives a short introduction to the pathogenesis of CVD and summarizes the current findings of the genetic factors involved. This review focuses on a better understanding of the role of candidate genes polymorphisms that play a crucial role in blood pressure regulation, hemostatic processes, oxidative stress and inflammatory responses leading to endothelial damage, and as a result, to vascular remodeling and microalbuminuria. Those gene variants could contribute to inter-individual differences in susceptibility to and outcome of essential hypertension. Therefore, the major challenge in cardiovascular medicine is to find a way of predicting the risk of hypertension complications by genetic markers that, used with imaging techniques, could lead to the development of new and better diagnostic and therapeutic methods.

Translated title of the contributionInfluence of genetic factors on early hypertensive complications
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)125-142
Number of pages18
JournalNadcisnienie Tetnicze
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2011


  • Albuminuria
  • Endothelium damage
  • Gene polymorphism
  • Genetic markers
  • Hypertension
  • Vascular remodeling


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