Lifestyle therapy (energy restriction and exercise) is the cornerstone of therapy for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) but is difficult to implement. We conducted an 8-month randomized controlled trial in persons with obesity and T2D (17 women and 1 man) to determine the therapeutic effects and potential mechanisms of intensive lifestyle therapy on cardiometabolic function. Intensive lifestyle therapy was conducted at the worksite to enhance compliance and resulted in marked (17%) weight loss and beneficial changes in body fat mass, intrahepatic triglyceride content, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, glycemic control, β cell function, and multi-organ insulin sensitivity, which were associated with changes in muscle NAD+ biosynthesis, sirtuin signaling, and mitochondrial function and in adipose tissue remodeling. These findings demonstrate that intensive lifestyle therapy provided at the worksite has profound therapeutic clinical and physiological effects in people with T2D, which are likely mediated by specific alterations in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue biology.
- insulin resistance
- mitochondrial function