Workplace exposure to passive smoking and risk of cardiovascular disease: Summary of epidemiologic studies

Ichiro Kawachi, Graham A. Colditz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

We reviewed the published epidemiologic studies addressing the relationship between workplace exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and cardiovascular disease risk in three case-control studies and three cohort studies. Although the point estimates of risk for cardiovascular disease exceeded 1.0 in five of six studies, none of the relative risks was statistically significant because of the small number of cardiovascular end points occurring in individual studies. In common with most epidemiologic investigations of the health risks of ETS, none of the workplace studies included independent biochemical validation of ETS exposure. In contrast to the evidence on increased cardiovascular disease risk from exposure to spousal ETS, studies of ETS exposure in the workplace are still sparse and inconclusive. Conversely, there is no biologically plausible reason to believe that the hazards of ETS exposure that have been demonstrated in the home should not also apply to the workplace.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-851
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume107
Issue numberSUPPL. 6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Environmental tobacco smoke
  • Passive smoking
  • Tobacco smoke pollution

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