Wnt5a signaling induced phosphorylation increases APT1 activity and promotes melanoma metastatic behavior

Rochelle Shirin Sadeghi, Katarzyna Kulej, Rahul Singh Kathayat, Benjamin A. Garcia, Bryan C. Dickinson, Donita C. Brady, Eric S. Witze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wnt5a has been implicated in melanoma progression and metastasis, although the exact downstream signaling events that contribute to melanoma metastasis are poorly understood. Wnt5a signaling results in acyl protein thioesterase 1 (APT1) mediated depalmitoylation of prometastatic cell adhesion molecules CD44 and MCAM, resulting in increased melanoma invasion. The mechanistic details that underlie Wnt5a-mediated regulation of APT1 activity and cellular function remain unknown. Here, we show Wnt5a signaling regulates APT1 activity through induction of APT1 phosphorylation and we further investigate the functional role of APT1 phosphorylation on its depalmitoylating activity. We found phosphorylation increased APT1 depalmitoylating activity and reduced APT1 dimerization. We further determined APT1 phosphorylation increases melanoma invasion in vitro, and also correlated with increased tumor grade and metastasis. Our results further establish APT1 as an important regulator of melanoma invasion and metastatic behavior. Inhibition of APT1 may represent a novel way to treat Wnt5a driven cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere34362
JournaleLife
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2018

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