Withdrawal of Antithrombotic Agents and the Risk of Stroke

Monica L. Wagner, Jane C. Khoury, Kathleen Alwell, Eric Rademacher, Daniel Woo, Matthew L. Flaherty, Aaron M. Anderson, Opeolu Adeoye, Simona Ferioli, Brett M. Kissela, Dawn Kleindorfer, Joseph P. Broderick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose Antithrombotic medications are effective for ischemic stroke prevention, but stoppage of these medications is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism. The frequency of antithrombotic withdrawal in the general population is unknown. Methods We conducted a random phone sample of 2036 households in the Greater Cincinnati metropolitan area, representative of the stroke population by age, sex, and race, to determine the frequency of antithrombotic medication use and stoppage by physicians for medically indicated procedures. Results Sixty-two percent of survey respondents reported that they were on an antithrombotic medication. Ten percent of participants reported that they had stopped taking their medication within the past 60 days for a medically indicated intervention. Of those who stopped taking the medication, it was more common for persons taking an anticoagulant to stop their medication (20%) than those taking an antiplatelet agent (9%). Colonoscopies and orthopedic surgeries were the most common reasons for withdrawal of antiplatelet agents, whereas orthopedic and vascular surgeries were the most common reason for withdrawal of anticoagulants. Conclusions Recommended discontinuation of antithrombotic medication for surgical or diagnostic procedures is common practice for persons in the community representative of a stroke population. Because stoppage of these medications is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic stroke, further clinical trials are needed to determine best management practices in this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)902-906
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Ischemic stroke
  • anticoagulant
  • antiplatelet
  • antithrombotic
  • discontinuation
  • survey
  • thromboembolism
  • withdrawal

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