Cardiac amyloidosis is thought to be a rare group of diseases caused by extracellular deposition of misfolded proteins in the extracellular cardiac matrix resulting in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). This review focuses on the similarities and differences between the pathophysiology, clinical presentation and diagnostic tests of wild-type transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTRwt-CA) compared to immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis and hereditary cardiac amyloidosis. We address some obstacles to timely diagnosis and opportunities for management of the clinical symptoms as well as possibility of future novel disease modifying therapies.
- ATTRwt cardiac amyloidosis (ATTRwt-CA)
- Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)
- Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH)
- Senile amyloidosis