Wild-type cone photoreceptors persist despite neighboring mutant cone degeneration

Alaron Lewis, Philip Williams, Owen Lawrence, Rachel O.L. Wong, Susan E. Brockerhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

In many retinal diseases, the malfunction that results in photoreceptor loss occurs only in either rods or cones, but degeneration can progress from the affected cell type to its healthy neighbors. Specifically, in human and mouse models of Retinitis Pigmentosa the loss of rods results in the death of neighboring healthy cones. Significantly less is known about cone-initiated degenerations and their affect on neighboring cells. Sometimes rods remain normal after cone death, whereas other patients experience a loss of scotopic vision over time. The affect of cone death on neighboring cones is unknown. The zebrafish is a cone-rich animal model in which the potential for dying cones to kill neighboring healthy cones can be evaluated. We previously reported that the zebrafish cone phosphodiesterase mutant ( pde6cw59) displays a rapid death of cones soon after their formation and a subsequent loss of rods in the central retina. In this study we examine morphological changes associated with cone death in vivo in pde6cw59 fish. We then use blastulae transplantations to create chimeric fish with a photoreceptor layer of mixed wild-type(WT)and pde6cw59 cones.We find that the death of inoperative cones does not cause neighboringWTcone loss. The survival ofWTcones is independent of transplant size and location within the retina. Furthermore, transplantedWTcones persist at least several weeks after the initial death of dysfunctional mutant cones. Our results suggest a potential for the therapeutic transplantation of healthy cones into an environment of damaged cones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-389
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2010

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