Whole body and abdominal lipolytic sensitivity to epinephrine is suppressed in upper body obese women

Jeffrey F. Horowitz, Samuel Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

We measured whole body and regional lipolytic and adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) sensitivity to epinephrine in 8 lean [body mass index (BMI): 21 ± 1 kg/m2] and 10 upper body obese (UBO) women (BMI: 38 ± 1 kg/m2; waist circumference >100 cm). All subjects underwent a four-stage epinephrine infusion (0.00125, 0.005, 0.0125, and 0.025 μg·kg fat-free mass-1·min- 1) plus pancreatic hormonal clamp. Whole body free fatty acid (FFA) and glycerol rates of appearance (R(a)) in plasma were determined by stable isotope tracer methodology. Abdominal and femoral subcutaneous adipose tissue lipolytic activity was determined by microdialysis and 133Xe clearance methods. Basal whole body FFA R(a) and glycerol R(a) were both greater (P < 0.05) in obese (449 ± 31 and 220 ± 12 μmol/min, respectively) compared with lean subjects (323 ± 44 and 167 ± 21 μmol/min, respectively). Epinephrine infusion significantly increased FFAR(a) and glycerol R(a) in lean (71 ± 21 and 122 ± 52%, respectively; P < 0.05) but not obese subjects (7 ± 6 and 39 ± 10%, respectively; P = not significant). In addition, lipolytic and ATBF sensitivity to epinephrine was blunted in abdominal but not femoral subcutaneous adipose tissue of obese compared with lean subjects. We conclude that whole body lipolytic sensitivity to epinephrine is blunted in women with UBO because of decreased sensitivity in upper body but not lower body subcutaneous adipose tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1144-E1152
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume278
Issue number6 41-6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue blood flow
  • Catecholamine
  • Lipolysis
  • Pancreatic clamp
  • Stable isotopes

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