What makes people healthy, happy, and fulfilled in the face of current world challenges

C. Cloninger

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    84 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Recent research on the relations of personality to well-being shows that the people who are most healthy, happy and fulfilled are those who are high in all three of the character traits of self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory. In the past, the healthy personality has often been considered to require only high self-directedness and high cooperativeness. However, now the self-centred behaviour of people who are low in self-transcendence is degrading the conditions needed for sustainable life by all human beings. Consequently, human beings need to and can develop their capacity for self-transcendence in order to maintain their individual and collective well-being.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)16-24
    Number of pages9
    JournalMens Sana Monographs
    Volume11
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2013

    Keywords

    • Character
    • Cooperativeness
    • Ecological shift
    • Health promotion
    • Human evolution
    • Self-directedness
    • Self-transcendence
    • Well-being

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