Vitamin K dependent synthesis and modification of precursor prothrombin in cultured H 35 hepatoma cells

T. W. Munns, M. F.M. Johnston, M. K. Liszewski, R. E. Olson

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The ability of confluent monolayers of H 35 cells, originally obtained from a rat hepatoma, to synthesize prothrombin in response to vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) was studied. As demonstrated by radioimmunoassay, selective barium salt adsorption, and two coagulation assays which discriminate between precursor and mature prothrombin, these cells retained their ability to synthesize precursor prothrombin (preprothrombin) in the absence of exogenous phylloquinone (vitamin K). When phylloquinone was added to the medium (100 ng/ml), the existing intracellular concentration of preprothrombin was reduced to 50% within 1 hr after exposure to the vitamin and slowly declined thereafter to approximately 30% of control levels by 36 hr. Concomitant with the rapid loss of intracellular preprothrombin was the appearance of mature prothrombin in the medium. The appearance of prothrombin was biphasic, occurring during the initial 0-6 hr interval, and again at an increased rate during the next 18-24 hr interval. The amount of prothrombin appearing in the medium exceeded by severalfold the amount of precursor mobilized. These data demonstrate that monolayer cultures of H 35 hepatoma cells retain their ability to synthesize preprothrombin and other enzymes, responsible for post translational modification of prothrombin and its subsequent secretion, under the influence of vitamin K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2803-2807
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1976
Externally publishedYes

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