Vitamin D and calcium abnormalities in the HIV-infected population

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among HIV-infected persons is substantial and comparable to the general population. The factors associated with vitamin D deficiency are similar for both populations but additional factors (ie, use of certain antiretroviral agents) also contribute to vitamin D deficiency among HIV-infected persons. The adverse outcomes associated with vitamin D deficiency considerably overlap with non-AIDS defining illnesses (NADIs) that are increasingly becoming widespread in the aging HIV-infected population. However, there is scant evidence to support any causal inference. Further studies are warranted as efforts to identify and address modifiable risk factors contributing to NADIs continue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-767
Number of pages25
JournalEndocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Calcium
  • HIV
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency
  • Vitamin D supplementation

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