The manipulation of gene expression is an essential tool to study the function of genes or signaling pathways. Uniform and robust gene manipulation is crucial for successful assays. However, neuronal cells are generally difficult-to-transfect cells with conventional DNA/RNA transfection reagents. Therefore, virus-mediated gene delivery is a primary choice for the studies of gene functions in neurons. In this chapter, we will describe the methods for lentivirus-mediated gene expression or knockdown in DRG neurons.