A study was done to determine whether the nucleation time was related to the amount of cholesterol carried in vesicles. Bile was obtained from cholesterol gallstone patients and controls. Gel-exclusion chromatography was used to separate vesicles and micelles in the native bile using an eluting buffer containing 10 mM sodium cholate. The percent of total cholesterol carried in vesicles in gallbladder bile of stone patients was significantly greater than that in control patients. Total cholesterol concentration in gallbladder bile of stone patients was significantly greater than in controls. This difference was due to the fact that vesicular cholesterol concentration was significantly greater in the gallbladder bile of stone patients compared to controls. Micellar cholesterol concentrations were similar in the two groups. Nucleation time was related significantly to vesicular cholesterol concentration in correlation analysis and, as previously shown, so was total protein concentration. This study supports the importance of vesicular cholesterol in solid crystal formation and demonstrates for the first time that the rate of cholesterol monohydrate crystal formation is directly related to the amount of cholesterol transported in vesicles.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism|
|State||Published - Jan 19 1988|
- (Human gallbladder)