Objectives: To investigate the 12-month all-cause mortality and morbidity in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) undergoing vertebroplasty/balloon kyphoplasty (VP/BKP) versus non-surgical management (NSM). Methods: Following a Medline and EMBASE search for English language articles published from 2010 to 2019, 19 studies reporting on mortality and morbidity after VP/BKP in patients with OVCFs were selected. The 12-month timeline was set due to the largest amount of data availability at such time interval. Estimates for each study were reported as odds ratios (OR) along with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and p values. Fixed or random-effects meta-analyses were performed. All tests were based on a two-sided significance level of 0.05. Results: Pooled OR across 5 studies favored VP/BKP over NSM in terms of 12-month all-cause mortality (OR: 0.81 [95% CI: 0.46–1.42]; p =.46). Pooled OR across 11 studies favored VP/BKP over NSM in terms of 12-month all-cause morbidity (OR: 0.64 [95% CI: 0.31–1.30]; p =.25). Sub-analysis of data dealing with 12-month infective morbidity from any origin confirmed the benefit of VP/BKP over NSM (OR: 0.23 [95% CI, 0.02–2.54]; p =.23). Conclusion: Compared to NSM, VP/BKP reduces the 12-month risk of all-cause mortality and morbidity by 19% and 36%, respectively. Moreover, VP/BKP reduces by 77% the 12-month risk of infection from any origin. Key Points: • Compared to non-surgical management, vertebral augmentation reduces the 12-month risk of all-cause mortality by 19% and all-cause morbidity by 36%. • Vertebral augmentation reduces the 12-month risk of infection morbidity from any origin by 77%.
- Conservative treatment
- Spinal fractures