Intensive chemotherapy regimens are not feasible in many adults with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). We sought to build upon our previous experience with a non-intensive regimen, modified R-hyperCVAD chemotherapy (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone) with maintenance rituximab (MR), by the incorporation of bortezomib (VcR-CVAD) and the extension of MR beyond 2years. Patients with previously untreated MCL received VcR-CVAD chemotherapy every 21d for six cycles. Patients achieving at least a partial response to induction chemotherapy received rituximab consolidation (375mg/m 2×4weekly doses) and MR (375mg/m 2 every 12weeks×20 doses). The primary end points were overall and complete response (CR), and secondary endpoints were progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Thirty patients were enrolled, with a median age of 61years. All patients had advanced stage disease, and 60% had medium/high MCL International Prognostic Index risk factors. A CR or unconfirmed CR was achieved in 77% of patients. After a median follow-up of 42months, the 3-year PFS and OS were 63% and 86%, respectively. The observed 3-year PFS and OS with VcR-CVAD in MCL were comparable to reported outcomes with more intensive regimens. A cooperative group trial (E1405) is attempting to replicate these promising results.
- Mantle cell lymphoma
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma