Vasopressin Injection Purse-String Ectopic Resection technique for laparoscopic management of cornual ectopic pregnancy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although cornual pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, the associated mortality rate is considerably higher than that of ectopic pregnancy overall. Historically, cornual ectopic pregnancy has been treated via laparotomy. With advancements in technology, equipment, and technique, laparoscopy offers a safer approach for the management of cornual pregnancy. However, laparoscopy of this nature requires excellent technique. The Vasopressin Injection Purse-String Ectopic Resection technique serves as an effective strategy for the laparoscopic management of cornual ectopic pregnancy. First, dilute vasopressin is administered into the myometrium surrounding the pregnancy. Next, a purse-string stitch is placed in the myometrium circumferential to the pregnancy. Finally, the pregnancy is excised by cornual wedge resection, and the defect is repaired using the attached remaining suture from the purse-string stitch. The Figure shows the graphical depiction of the Vasopressin Injection Purse-String Ectopic Resection technique, and the Video shows a laparoscopic recording of the Vasopressin Injection Purse-String Ectopic Resection technique. Between 2012 and 2022, 17 patients underwent a laparoscopic cornual ectopic pregnancy resection at a high-volume academic hospital and its affiliated community hospital. This case series revealed a mean operative time of 107 minutes, with a mean estimated blood loss of 41 mL for nonruptured ectopic pregnancies and 412 mL for ruptured ectopic pregnancies. No case was converted to laparotomy. Our findings suggest that the integration of the vasopressin administration and the pursue-string stitch placement minimizes blood loss and mitigates the risk of conversion to laparotomy for both nonruptured and ruptured cornual ectopic pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-343
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume229
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Keywords

  • cornual ectopic pregnancy
  • interstitial pregnancy
  • laparoscopy
  • minimally invasive surgery

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