Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after pediatric lung transplantation is a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the first year after transplantation. Multiple strategies have been reported for CMV prevention among adult lung transplant programs. In contrast, little information has been reported regarding protocols for prevention and detection of CMV from pediatric programs. We conducted a survey to better understand the range of practice patterns for CMV prevention and detection at pediatric lung transplant centers. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 11 pediatric lung transplant centers identified through the International Pediatric Lung Transplant Collaborative in September 2002. A member of the lung transplant team from each institution was asked to provide the methods of CMV prevention and surveillance. Eight of 11 centers surveyed responded to the questionnaire accounting for 45.6% (26 of 57) and 100% (three of three) of the pediatric lung transplants performed in the US and UK in 2001, respectively. All centers used prophylactic therapy against CMV with either ganciclovir or valganciclovir with duration ranging from 3.5 wk to indefinitely. Most centers (six of eight) prescribed a prophylactic regimen based on donor and recipient CMV serostatus. Half (four of eight) of the centers report using CMV hyperimmune globulin in addition to an antiviral agent. Method for CMV detection varied widely, including use of conventional viral culture (n = 1), antigenemia (n = 7), and polymerase chain reaction (n = 2). A wide range of strategies is used to prevent and detect CMV in pediatric lung transplant recipients with little empiric evidence demonstrating the optimal approach. A retrospective analysis among these centers is being conducted to evaluate the efficacy of these approaches.
- Lung transplantation
- Standard care