Validation of the fine motor subtest of the Bayley-III with children with sickle cell disease using Rasch analysis

Allison J. L'Hotta, Catherine R. Hoyt, Terianne Lindsey, Regina A. Abel, Chih Hung Chang, Allison A. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at risk for fine motor (FM) delays; however, screening for FM impairments is not common among young children with SCD. The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III) is the most commonly used performance-based developmental assessment. We aim to determine if the FM subtest of the Bayley-III is structured hierarchically in accordance with development and comprehensively evaluates FM development in children with SCD. Methods: Bayley-III assessments were completed between October 2009 and December 2013. The Bayley-III FM screening test, a shorter and more rapid method of assessing for FM impairments, was not directly administered to participants. Screening test scores were calculated from full Bayley-III scores. Results: Rasch analysis was performed using WINSTEPS. Sixty children with SCD were included in the final Rasch model. The Rasch-generated Wright map, which jointly positions items and persons on the same latent trait, illustrated that the FM items were slightly skewed towards more challenging items, indicating more difficult items may be overrepresented. High item separation values were reported (17.4), and item outfit statistics were less than 1.7. More than one third of items demonstrated overfit, indicating possible item redundancy. The FM subtest and the screening test, a shorter and faster method of assessing skills, were highly correlated (r = 0.993, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The Bayley-III FM subtest is structured hierarchically, aligning with motor development, and comprehensively evaluates FM development in children with SCD. The test could be improved by reordering items, removing overfitting items and modifying screening test items to capture all ranges of development. The screening test is comprehensive and has high potential clinical utility among children with SCD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChild: Care, Health and Development
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • developmental disabilities
  • infant
  • motor skills
  • Rasch analysis
  • sickle cell disease

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