Validation of AD8-Philippines (AD8-P): A Brief Informant-Based Questionnaire for Dementia Screening in the Philippines

Jacqueline C. Dominguez, Ma Fe P. De Guzman, Ma Lourdes C. Joson, Krizelle Fowler, Boots P. Natividad, Precy S. Cruz, Jose Leo Jiloca, Primitivo B. MacTal, Jayvee Dyne Dominguez, Jeffrey Domingo, Jhozel Kim Dominguez-Awao, MacArio Reandelar, Jem R. Javier, Thien Kieu Thi Phung, John C. Morris, James E. Galvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Aim. This study was aimed at validating the Filipino version of AD8 (AD8-P). Methods. Community-dwelling Filipino older persons aged ≥60 years, together with their informants, participated in this study. Psychologists independently interviewed the informants with AD8-P and administered the Filipino-validated Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-P) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-P) to the older persons. Neurologists and geriatrician conducted physical and neurological examination and Clinical Dementia Rating™ (CDR™) to determine cognitive diagnosis and were blinded with the results of AD8-P. Dementia was diagnosed based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. AD8-P discriminatory ability to screen for dementia was evaluated according to DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for dementia. Results. A total of 366 community-dwelling Filipino older persons aged ≥60 years, 213 with normal cognition and 153 with dementia, and their informants were included in this study. Majority (90%) were at the mildest stage of dementia. Area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUROC) for AD8-P was 0.94 (95% CI 0.92 to 0.96), demonstrating excellent overall predictive power to screen for dementia. The optimal AD8-P cut-off score with best balance sensitivity (91.5%) and specificity (77.9%) was ≥3. Conclusion. AD8-P demonstrated good psychometric properties to screen for dementia, even at the earliest stage of cognitive decline.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7750235
JournalInternational Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
StatePublished - 2021


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