Background. There is little consensus regarding the use of functional testing after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Some physicians employ a routine functional testing strategy, and others employ a symptom-driven strategy. Objective. To examine the effects of routine post-PTCA functional testing on the use of follow-up cardiac procedures and clinical events. Methods. The Routine versus Selective Exercise Treadmill Testing after Angioplasty (ROSETTA) Registry is a prospective multicenter observational study examining the use of functional testing after PTCA. A total of 788 patients (pts) were enrolled in the ROSETTA Registry at 13 clinical centers in 5 countries. The frequencies of functional testing, cardiac procedures and clinical events were examined during the first 6 months following a successful PTCA. Results. Patients were predominantly elderly men (mean age, 61 ± 11 years; 76% male) who underwent single-vessel PTCA (85%) with stent implantation (58%). During the 6-month follow-up, a total of 237 pts were observed to undergo a routine functional testing strategy (100% having functional testing for routine follow-up), while 551 pts underwent a selective (or clinically-driven) strategy (73% having no functional testing and 27% having functional testing for a clinical indication). Patients in the routine testing group underwent a total of 344 functional tests compared with 165 tests performed in the selective testing group (mean, 1.45 tests/patient versus 0.3 tests/patient; p < 0.0001). There was little difference in the rates of follow-up cardiac procedures among the pts undergoing the routine and selective testing strategies [cardiac catheterization, 13.9% versus 17.5% (p = NS); percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), 8.4% versus 8.7% (p = NS); coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 2.1% versus 3.3% (p = NS)]. However, clinical events were less common among pts who underwent routine functional testing, e.g., unstable angina (6.1% versus 14.4%; p = 0.001), myocardial infarction (0.4% versus 1.6%; p = NS), death (0% versus 2.2%; p = 0.02) and composite clinical events (6.3% versus 16.3%; p < 0.0001). After controlling for baseline clinical and procedural differences, routine functional testing had a persistent independent association with a reduction in the composite clinical event rate (odds ratio, 0.45; 95% confidence interval, 0.24-0.81; p = 0.008). Conclusion. Routine functional testing after PTCA is associated with a reduction in the frequency of follow-up clinical events. This association may be attributable to the early identification and treatment of pts at risk for follow-up events, or it may be due to clinical differences between pts who are referred for routine and selective functional testing.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Invasive Cardiology|
|State||Published - Jun 2004|
- Functional testing
- Stress testing