INTRODUCTION: The authors review their midterm experience with uterine artery embolization for the treatment of uterine fibroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were referred for permanent polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) foam particle uterine artery embolization during an 18-month period. Detailed clinical follow-up and ultrasound follow-up were obtained. RESULTS: Bleeding was a presenting symptom in 56 patients and pain was a presenting symptom in 47 patients. All patients underwent a technically successful embolization. One of the patients underwent unilateral embolization. Fifty-nine patients underwent bilateral embolization. Of all patients undergoing bilateral embolization, at last follow-up (mean, 16.3 months), 81% had their uterus and had moderate or better improvement in their symptoms. Ninety-two percent of these patients also had reductions in uterine and dominant fibroid volumes. Overall, the mean uterine and dominant fibroid volume reduction were 42.8% and 48.8%, respectively (mean follow-up, 10.2 months). One infectious complication that necessitated hysterectomy occurred. CONCLUSION: Uterine artery embolization for the treatment of uterine fibroids is a minimally invasive technique with low complication rates and very good clinical efficacy.
- Uterine arteries, therapeutic blockade
- Uterus, neoplasms