8 Scopus citations


Electronic health record audit logs capture a time-sequenced record of clinician activities while using the system. Audit log data therefore facilitate unobtrusive measurement at scale of clinical work activities and workflow as well as derivative, behavioral proxies (eg, teamwork). Given its considerable research potential, studies leveraging these data have burgeoned. As the field has matured, the challenges of using the data to answer significant research questions have come into focus. In this Perspective, we draw on our research experiences and insights from the broader audit log literature to advance audit log research. Specifically, we make 2 complementary recommendations that would facilitate substantial progress toward audit log-based measures that are: (1) transparent and validated, (2) standardized to allow for multisite studies, (3) sensitive to meaningful variability, (4) broader in scope to capture key aspects of clinical work including teamwork and coordination, and (5) linked to patient and clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-171
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • EHR use metrics
  • audit logs
  • standardization


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