Using cloning to amplify neuronal genomes for whole-genome sequencing and comprehensive mutation detection and validation

Jennifer L. Hazen, Michael A. Duran, Ryan P. Smith, Alberto R. Rodriguez, Greg S. Martin, Sergey Kupriyanov, Ira M. Hall, Kristin K. Baldwin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies of somatic mutation in neurons and other cell types suggest that somatic cells can acquire hundreds to thousands of new mutations over their lifetimes. Each individual mutation can have extremely low prevalence, with many mutations restricted to a single cell. Because of their rarity, somatic mutations can be challenging to detect and reliably distinguish from false-positive calls arising from amplification, sequencing, or bioinformatic methods. In these scenarios, a variety of methods are required to compensate for the limited applicability and technical artifacts inherent in any single approach. In the method we describe, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT, also known as cloning) is used to reprogram single neurons to blastocysts from which we derive embryonic stem cells. Division of these cells faithfully amplifies the neuronal genome for next-generation sequencing and genome-wide mutation detection. This approach allows the detection of false positives due to amplification artifacts and is applicable to all classes of mutations. While it is both sensitive and reliable, our method is lower throughput than single-cell sequencing-based approaches and may also fail to amplify the most severely compromised neuronal genomes. In this chapter, we outline current methods for generating neuron-derived SCNT embryonic cell lines, discuss best practices for genome-wide mutation detection, and address the advantages and limitations of this approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNeuromethods
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages163-185
Number of pages23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Publication series

NameNeuromethods
Volume131
ISSN (Print)0893-2336
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6045

Keywords

  • Copy number variants
  • Indel mutation
  • Mobile element insertion
  • Postmitotic neuron
  • Single-nucleotide variant mutation
  • Somatic cell nuclear transfer
  • Somatic mutation
  • Structural variant mutation
  • Whole-genome sequencing

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