The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of percutaneous intervention with transarterial approach in the salvage of nonmaturing native fistulas status post transvenous approach failure. Eight patients (M:F = 2:6; mean age, 56.8 years) underwent percutaneous intervention with antegrade transarterial approach when the retrograde transvenous approach failed. Mean time from fistula creation to fistulography was 80.5 days. Five patients had brachiocephalic fistulas and three had radiocephalic fistulas. Brachial or radial arterial access was performed using real-time ultrasound guidance, and balloon angioplasty was performed for hemodynamically significant (>50%) stenosis. Technical and clinical success and complications were evaluated. Patency following percutaneous intervention was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Technical success was achieved in 87.5% (seven of eight patients). Clinical success of normal hemodialysis (fistula maturation) occurred in 87.5% (seven of eight patients). One minor complication (regional hematoma) occurred in one patient. Mean primary patency at 6, 12, and 18 months was 75%, 56.2%, and 37.5%, respectively. Additional angioplasty (n = 3) resulted in mean secondary patency at 12 and 18 months of 87.5% and 87.5% of the patients, respectively. In conclusion, percutaneous intervention with the transarterial approach can be a useful method for salvage of nonmaturing native fistulas when the transvenous approach fails.
- Hemodialysis fistula