Use of Unit-Based Interventions to Improve the Quality of Care for Hospitalized Medical Patients: A National Survey

Kevin J. O'Leary, Julie K. Johnson, Milisa Manojlovich, Gopi J. Astik, Mark V. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Recent publications have drawn attention to interventions to redesign aspects of care delivery for hospitalized medical patients, including localization of physicians to specific units, nurse-physician co-leadership, interdisciplinary rounds (IDR), and access to quality performance data. Use of these interventions across hospitals has not been previously described. Methods A cross-sectional survey of internal medicine (IM) residency program directors and hospital medicine group (HMG) leaders in the United States was conducted to characterize use of unit-based interventions on inpatient medical services. The survey served as a pilot study to assess the use of localization of physicians to specific units, nurse-physician co-leadership, IDR, and access to quality performance data. Results Ninety-four IM program directors (response rate, 23.3%) and 62 HMG leaders (response rate, 20.7%) responded. No single intervention was used by the vast majority of sites, and the extent and intensity of use varied. About a quarter of respondents indicated that physicians typically cared for patients on only one to two units, a third or fewer had unit co-leadership on at least half of hospital units, fewer than half had daily IDR, and approximately half had access to unit-level performance data. Most IM programs and hospitalist groups had implemented 0 to 1 interventions to a high degree of fidelity, and few (≤ 5%) had implemented all 4. Conclusion IM program directors and HMG leaders reported variation in use of unit-based interventions to improve quality of care for medical inpatients. Future research should evaluate the association of the degree and intensity of using unit-based interventions on patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-579
Number of pages7
JournalJoint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Volume43
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

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