Use of the green transfer in treatment of patients with spastic cerebral palsy: 17-year experience

William R. Beach, William B. Strecker, Jeffrey Coe, Paul R. Manske, Perry L. Schoenecker, Loray Dailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

We retrospectively reviewed Green procedures and transfer of the flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) in treatment of spastic forearm pronation, wrist volarflex-ion, and ulnar deviation deformities. Patients' ages ranged from 3 years 5 months to 16 years 5 months. Surgically, a single volar incision was made and the extensor carpi radialis brevis and/or longus (ECRB, ECRL) were used for insertion. The FCU was tensioned at neutral against gravity and immobilized in 5° of dorsiflexion and 45° of supination. Arc of flexion (47°) did not change but was centered about neutral. Supination improved markedly when operation included a pronator procedure. Quadraplegia athetosis and intellectual impairment did not affect the operative result adversely. Patients aged >12 years showed less functional improvement. Eighty-eight percent had cosmetic improvement, and 79% improved functionally. None had a decreased functional rating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-736
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Green transfer

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