Use of Quantitative CT Imaging to Identify Bronchial Thermoplasty Responders

Maanasi Samant, James G. Krings, Daphne Lew, Charles W. Goss, Tammy Koch, Mary Clare McGregor, Jonathan Boomer, Chase S. Hall, Ken B. Schechtman, Ajay Sheshadri, Samuel Peterson, Serpil Erzurum, Zachary DePew, Lee E. Morrow, D. Kyle Hogarth, Richard Tejedor, Jennifer Trevor, Michael E. Wechsler, Afshin Sam, Xiaosong ShiJiwoong Choi, Mario Castro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a treatment for patients with poorly controlled, severe asthma. However, predictors of treatment response to BT are defined poorly. Research Question: Do baseline radiographic and clinical characteristics exist that predict response to BT? Study Design and Methods: We conducted a longitudinal prospective cohort study of participants with severe asthma receiving BT across eight academic medical centers. Participants received three separate BT treatments and were monitored at 3-month intervals for 1 year after BT. Similar to prior studies, a positive response to BT was defined as either improvement in Asthma Control Test results of ≥ 3 or Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire of ≥ 0.5. Regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between pretreatment clinical and quantitative CT scan measures with subsequent BT response. Results: From 2006 through 2017, 88 participants received BT, with 70 participants (79.5%) identified as responders by Asthma Control Test or Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire criteria. Responders were less likely to undergo an asthma-related ICU admission in the prior year (3% vs 25%; P = .01). On baseline quantitative CT imaging, BT responders showed less air trapping percentage (OR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.82-0.99; P = .03), a greater Jacobian determinant (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.05-2.11), greater SD of the Jacobian determinant (OR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.04-3.26), and greater anisotropic deformation index (OR, 3.06; 95% CI, 1.06-8.86). Interpretation: To our knowledge, this is the largest study to evaluate baseline quantitative CT imaging and clinical characteristics associated with BT response. Our results show that preservation of normal lung expansion, indicated by less air trapping, a greater magnitude of isotropic expansion, and greater within-lung spatial variation on quantitative CT imaging, were predictors of future BT response. Trial Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT01185275; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-784
Number of pages10
JournalCHEST
Volume165
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • air trapping
  • bronchial thermoplasty
  • lung deformation
  • quantitative CT
  • severe asthma

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