Use of novel chitosan hydrogels for chemical tissue bonding of autologous chondral transplants

Jamila Gittens, Amgad M. Haleem, Stephanie Grenier, Niall A. Smyth, Charles P. Hannon, Keir A. Ross, Peter A. Torzilli, John G. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of chemical tissue bonding (CTB) on adhesion strength, fluid permeability, and cell viability across a cartilaginous graft-host interface in an in vitro autologous chondral transplant (ACT) model. Chitosan-based cross-linkers; Chitosan-Rose Bengal [Chi-RB (Ch-ABC)], Chitosan-Genipin [Chi-GP (Ch-ABC)], and Chitosan-Rose Bengal-Genipin [Chi-RB-GP (Ch-ABC)] were applied to bovine immature cartilage explants after pre-treatment with surface degrading enzyme, Chondroitinase-ABC (Ch-ABC). Adhesion strength, fluid permeability and cell viability were assessed via mechanical push-out shear testing, fluid transport and live/dead cell staining, respectively. All three chitosan-based cross-linkers significantly increased the adhesion strength at the graft-host interface, however, only a statistically significant decrease in fluid permeability was noted in Chi-GP (Ch-ABC) specimen compared to untreated controls. Cell viability was maintained for 7 days of culture across all three treatment groups. These results show the potential clinical relevance of novel chitosan-based hydrogels in enhancing tissue integration and reducing synovial fluid penetration after ACT procedures in diarthoidal joints such as the knee and ankle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1146
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • autologous chondral transplant (ACT)
  • biomechanics
  • chemical tissue bonding (CTB)


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