The immunosuppressive agent FK-506 has a well-described neuroregenerative effect that is mediated by a mechanism independent of calcineurin inhibition. FK-506 levels that fall below the threshold for immunosuppression could therefore potentially enhance nerve regeneration while minimizing toxicity. The purpose of this study was to characterize the dose-dependent effects of FK506 on T-cell proliferation, and establish a subimmunosuppressive dosing regimen for FK-506 in mice. Forty BALB/cJ mice were randomized to four groups corresponding to 0, 0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 mg/kg/day doses of FK-506. Ten days postoperatively, animals were sacrificed, and mixed lymphocyte reaction assays were performed to quantify the immune response to nerve allografts. Mice receiving 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg/day of FK-506 exhibited a robust T-cell proliferation response, with stimulation indices approaching those of untreated animals. Mice treated with 1.0 mg/kg/day of FK-506 demonstrated significantly decreased T-cell proliferation. These results establish 0.5 mg/kg/day as an upper limit for subimmunosuppressive FK-506 administration.