Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Alexander Wiseman, Tarek Alhamad, Rita R. Alloway, Beatrice P. Concepcion, Matthew Cooper, Richard Formica, Christina L. Klein, Vineeta Kumar, Nicolae Leca, Fuad Shihab, David J. Taber, Sarah Mulnick, Donald M. Bushnell, Monica Hadi, Suphamai Bunnapradist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: LCPT (Envarsus XR®) is a common once-daily, extended-release oral tacrolimus formulation used in kidney transplantation. However, there are minimal evidence-based recommendations regarding optimal dosing and treatment in the de novo and conversion settings. Material/Methods: Using Delphi methodology, 12 kidney transplantation experts with LCPT experience reviewed available data to determine potential consensus topics. Key statements regarding LCPT use were generated and disseminated to the panel in an online Delphi survey. Statements were either accepted, revised, or rejected based on the level of consensus, perceived strength of evidence, and alignment with clinical practice. Consensus was defined a priori as ≥75% agreement. Results: Twenty-three statements were generated: 14 focused on de novo LCPT use and 9 on general administration or LCPT conversion use. After 2 rounds, consensus was achieved for 11/14 of the former and 7/9 of the latter statements. In a de novo setting, LCPT was recognized as a first-line option based on its safety and efficacy compared to immediate-release tacrolimus. In particular, African Americans and rapid metabolizer populations were identified as preferred for first-line LCPT therapy. In a conversion setting, full consensus was achieved for converting to LCPT to address neurological adverse effects related to immediate-release tacrolimus and for the time required (approximately 7 days) for steady-state LCPT trough levels to be reached. Conclusions: When randomized clinical trials do not replicate current utilization patterns, the Delphi process can successfully generate consensus statements by expert clinicians to inform clinical decision-making for the use of LCPT in kidney transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere943498
JournalAnnals of Transplantation
StatePublished - 2024


  • Delphi Technique
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Tacrolimus


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