Urothelial generation and regeneration in development, injury, and cancer

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Abstract

Homeostatic maintenance and repair of the urothelium upon injury are required for a functional bladder in both healthy and disease conditions. Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the urothelial regenerative response is key to designing strategies for tissue repair and ultimately treatments for urologic diseases including urinary tract infections, voiding dysfunction, painful bladder syndrome, and bladder cancer. In this article, we review studies on urothelial ontogeny during development and regeneration following various injury modalities. Signaling pathways involved in urothelial regeneration and in urothelial carcinogenesis are also discussed. Developmental Dynamics 246:336–343, 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-343
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Dynamics
Volume246
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • BMP4
  • Uropathogenic E. coli
  • bladder
  • progenitor cells
  • regeneration
  • retinoic acid
  • stem cells
  • urinary tract infections

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