Urinary tract infections (UTI), one of the most common bacterial infections, affl ict 50 % of all women at least once in their lifetime with a 20–30 % chance of a recurrent infection [ 1 ].Further, the risk of UTI is elevated in people with altered metabolism, including diabetes (see chapter “ Diabetes mellitus ”), obesity (see chapter “ Metabolic syndrome ”), and pregnancy (see chapter “ Overview ” under the part “Reproductive system”) [ 2 – 4 ]. The major etiological agent is uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) accounting for ~80 % of noncomplicated communityacquired UTI [ 1 ].

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMetabolism of Human Diseases
Subtitle of host publicationOrgan Physiology and Pathophysiology
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Wien
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9783709107157
ISBN (Print)9783709107140
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


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