Urinary tract infections (UTI), one of the most common bacterial infections, affl ict 50 % of all women at least once in their lifetime with a 20–30 % chance of a recurrent infection [ 1 ].Further, the risk of UTI is elevated in people with altered metabolism, including diabetes (see chapter “ Diabetes mellitus ”), obesity (see chapter “ Metabolic syndrome ”), and pregnancy (see chapter “ Overview ” under the part “Reproductive system”) [ 2 – 4 ]. The major etiological agent is uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) accounting for ~80 % of noncomplicated communityacquired UTI [ 1 ].
|Title of host publication||Metabolism of Human Diseases|
|Subtitle of host publication||Organ Physiology and Pathophysiology|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|