Urinary markers for bladder cancer

Zachary L. Smith, Thomas J. Guzzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Bladder cancer has the fifth highest incidence of all malignancies in the United States, with a propensity to recur, requiring lifelong surveillance after diagnosis. Urinary markers of disease have been of extreme interest in this field in an effort to simplify surveillance schedules and improve early detection of tumors. Many markers have been described, but most remain investigational. However, some markers have undergone clinical trials and are approved for clinical use. In this review, urinary markers and their application for screening and surveillance of bladder cancer are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
JournalF1000Prime Reports
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013


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