Ureteral stent placement and immediate graft function are associated with increased risk of BK viremia in the first year after kidney transplantation

Joseph G. Maliakkal, Daniel C. Brennan, Charles Goss, Timothy A. Horwedel, Howard Chen, Dennis K. Fong, Nikhil Agarwal, Jie Zheng, Kenneth B. Schechtman, Vikas R. Dharnidharka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ureteral stent (UrSt) placement has been shown to be a significant independent risk factor for BK viruria, viremia, and BK virus nephropathy. We assessed whether this observation could be validated at our high volume kidney transplant center that has had a strong historical focus on BK virus nephropathy detection. We performed a retrospective case–control study of adults receiving a kidney-only transplant and followed for 1 year between 2004 and 2011 with uniform immunosuppression and use of blood BK virus PCR screening protocol. Among 1147 patients, 443 (38.6%) received a UrSt and 17.2% with a UrSt had BK viremia versus 13.5% without stent (odds ratio 1.33; 95% CI: 1.00–1.78). We confirmed a previously reported association between immediate graft function (IGF) and higher rate of BK viremia (15.7% vs. 5.9% in patients without IGF). On multivariable competing risks Cox regression in patients with IGF, UrSt (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.35; 95% CI: 1.04–1.75) and African American race (aHR 1.47; 95% CI: 1.04–2.09) significantly increased the risk for BK viremia. In the largest sample size to date, we confirmed that UrSt placement during kidney transplant surgery is a risk factor for BK viremia within the first year post-transplant and that IGF is associated with BK viremia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-161
Number of pages9
JournalTransplant International
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • BK virus
  • Infection
  • Polyoma
  • complications
  • kidney clinical
  • kidney transplant
  • outcome
  • surgery ureteral stent

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