Urban environment interventions linked to the promotion of physical activity: A mixed methods study applied to the urban context of Latin America

Luis F. Gomez, Rodrigo Sarmiento, Maria Fernanda Ordoñez, Carlos Felipe Pardo, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Christina H. Mallarino, J. Jaime Miranda, Janeth Mosquera, Diana C. Parra, Rodrigo Reis, D. Alex Quistberg

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study summarizes the evidence from quantitative systematic reviews that assessed the association between urban environment attributes and physical activity. It also documents sociopolitical barriers and facilitators involved in urban interventions linked with active living in the ten most populated urban settings of Latin America. The synthesis of evidence indicates that several attributes of urban environments are associated with physical activity, including land-use mix and cycling infrastructure. The documentary analysis indicated that despite the benefits and opportunities provided by the programs and existing infrastructure in the examined cities, an overall concern is the rising inequality in the coverage and distribution of the initiatives in the region. If these programs and initiatives are to achieve a real population level effect that helps to reduce health disparities, they need to examine their social and spatial distribution within the cities so they can reach underserved populations and develop to their full potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-30
Number of pages13
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume131
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Latin America
  • Physical activity
  • Urban environments

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    Gomez, L. F., Sarmiento, R., Ordoñez, M. F., Pardo, C. F., de Sá, T. H., Mallarino, C. H., Miranda, J. J., Mosquera, J., Parra, D. C., Reis, R., & Quistberg, D. A. (2015). Urban environment interventions linked to the promotion of physical activity: A mixed methods study applied to the urban context of Latin America. Social Science and Medicine, 131, 18-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.042