Upper abdominal normal organ contouring guidelines and atlas: A Radiation Therapy Oncology Group consensus

Salma K. Jabbour, Sameh A. Hashem, Walter Bosch, Tae Kyoung Kim, Steven E. Finkelstein, Bethany M. Anderson, Edgar Ben-Josef, Christopher H. Crane, Karyn A. Goodman, Michael G. Haddock, Joseph M. Herman, Theodore S. Hong, Lisa A. Kachnic, Harvey J. Mamon, Jason R. Pantarotto, Laura A. Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations


Purpose: To standardize upper abdominal normal organ contouring guidelines for Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) trials. Methods and Materials: Twelve expert radiation oncologists contoured the liver, esophagus, gastroesophageal junction (GEJ), stomach, duodenum, and common bile duct (CBD), and reviewed and edited 33 additional normal organ and blood vessel contours on an anonymized patient computed tomography (CT) dataset. Contours were overlaid and compared for agreement using MATLAB (MathWorks, Natick, MA). S95 contours, defined as the binomial distribution to generate 95% group consensus contours, and normal organ contouring definitions were generated and reviewed by the panel. Results: There was excellent consistency and agreement of the liver, duodenal, and stomach contours, with substantial consistency for the esophagus contour, and moderate consistency for the GEJ and CBD contours using a Kappa statistic. Consensus definitions, detailed normal organ contouring recommendations and high-resolution images were developed. Conclusions: Consensus contouring guidelines and a CT image atlas should improve contouring uniformity in radiation oncology clinical planning and RTOG trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalPractical Radiation Oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2014


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