Group 3 ILCs (ILC3s) are innate sources of IL-22 and IL-17 and include lymphoid tissueinducer (LTi)-like and NKp46+ subsets. Both depend on RORγt and aryl hydrocarbon receptor, but NKp46+ILC3s also require Notch and T-bet for their development and are transcriptionally distinct. The extent to which these subsets have unique functions, especially in the context of T cell- and B cell-sufficient mice, remains largely unclear. To investigate the specific function of NKp46+ILC3s among other ILC3 subsets and T cells, we generated mice selectively lacking NKp46+ILC3s or all ILC3s and crossed them to T cell- deficient mice, thus maintaining B cells in all mice. In mice lacking T cells, NKp46+ILC3s were sufficient to promote inflammatory monocyte accumulation in the anti-CD40 innate colitis model through marked production of GM-CSF. In T cell-competent mice, lack of NKp46+ILCs had no impact on control of intestinal C. rodentium infection, whereas lack of all ILC3s partially impaired bacterial control. Thus, NKp46+ILC3s have a unique capacity to promote inflammation through GM-CSF-induced accumulation of inflammatory monocytes, but are superseded by LTi-like ILC3s and T cells in controlling intestinal bacterial infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1882
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - Oct 19 2015


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