The association between hyperparathyroidism and sarcoma is extremely rare with other reported cases describing the development of osteosarcoma and chondrosarcomas in middle-aged adults. This case describes an adolescent male with hyperparathyroidism and a pathologic fracture of a biopsy-proven brown tumor in the distal right femur. The fracture healed but later developed an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the bone at the site of the known brown tumor. Although in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated the risks of elevated parathyroid hormone with development of sarcomas, there is limited evidence of a human association. The effects of elevated parathyroid hormone on the skeletally immature bone in the setting of sarcoma formation are currently not well understood without current description of adolescent hyperparathyroidism-associated sarcomas. This case highlights a sarcoma originating at a pathologically proven brown tumor within an adolescent male, discusses the association of sarcoma with hyperparathyroidism, and reviews the other nine reported cases in the literature.
|Journal||Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews|
|State||Published - 2020|