Ultrasound power deposition model for the chest wall

Eduardo G. Moros, Xiaobing Fan, William L. Straube

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


An ultrasound power deposition model for the chest wall was developed based on secondary-source and plane-wave theories. The anatomic model consisted of a muscle-ribs-lung volume, accounted for wave reflection and refraction at muscle-rib and muscle-lung interfaces, and computed power deposition due to the propagation of both reflected and transmitted waves. Lung tissue was assumed to be air-equivalent. The parts of the theory and numerical program dealing with reflection were experimentally evaluated by comparing simulations with acoustic field measurements using several pertinent reflecting materials. Satisfactory agreement was found. A series of simulations were performed to study the influence of angle of incidence of the beam, frequency, and thickness of muscle tissue overlying the ribs on power deposition distributions that may be expected during superficial ultrasound (US) hyperthermia of chest wall recurrences. Both reflection at major interfaces and attenuation in bone were the determining factors affecting power deposition, the dominance of one vs. the other depending on the angle of incidence of the beam. Sufficient energy is reflected by these interfaces to suggest that improvements in thermal doses to overlying tissues are possible with adequate manipulation of the sound field (advances in ultrasonic heating devices) and prospective treatment planning. Copyright (C) 1999 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1275-1287
Number of pages13
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 1999


  • Chest wall
  • Hyperthermia
  • Impedance discontinuity
  • Muscle-air and muscle-bone interfaces
  • Power deposition
  • Secondary source theory
  • Ultrasound therapy
  • Wave reflection
  • Wave refraction


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