Type I interferon is selectively required by dendritic cells for immune rejection of tumors

Mark S. Diamond, Michelle Kinder, Hirokazu Matsushita, Mona Mashayekhi, Gavin P. Dunn, Jessica M. Archambault, Hsiaoju Lee, Cora D. Arthur, J. Michael White, Ulrich Kalinke, Kenneth M. Murphy, Robert D. Schreiber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

815 Scopus citations


Cancer immunoediting is the process whereby the immune system suppresses neoplastic growth and shapes tumor immunogenicity. We previously reported that type I interferon (IFN-α/β) plays a central role in this process and that hematopoietic cells represent critical targets of type I IFN's actions. However, the specific cells affected by IFN-α/β and the functional processes that type I IFN induces remain undefined. Herein, we show that type I IFN is required to initiate the antitumor response and that its actions are temporally distinct from IFN-γ during cancer immunoediting. Using mixed bone marrow chimeric mice, we demonstrate that type I IFN sensitivity selectively within the innate immune compartment is essential for tumor-specific T cell priming and tumor elimination. We further show that mice lacking IFNAR1 (IFN-α/β receptor 1) in dendritic cells (DCs; Itgax-Cre+Ifnar1f/f mice) cannot reject highly immunogenic tumor cells and that CD8α+ DCs from these mice display defects in antigen cross-presentation to CD8+ T cells. In contrast, mice depleted of NK cells or mice that lack IFNAR1 in granulocytes and macrophage populations reject these tumors normally. Thus, DCs and specifically CD8α+ DCs are functionally relevant targets of endogenous type I IFN during lymphocyte-mediated tumor rejection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1989-2003
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 26 2011


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