Type 2 diabetes, obesity, and sex difference affect the fate of glucose in the human heart

Linda R. Peterson, Pilar Herrero, Andrew R. Coggan, Zulia Kisrieva-Ware, Ibrahim Saeed, Carmen Dence, Deborah Koudelis, Janet B. McGill, Matthew R. Lyons, Eric Novak, Víctor G. Dávila-Román, Alan D. Waggoner, Robert J. Gropler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Type 2 diabetes, obesity, and sex difference affect myocardial glucose uptake and utilization. However, their effect on the intramyocellular fate of glucose in humans has been unknown. How the heart uses glucose is important, because it affects energy production and oxygen efficiency, which in turn affect heart function and adaptability. We hypothesized that type 2 diabetes, sex difference, and obesity affect myocardial glucose oxidation, glycolysis, and glycogen production. In a first-inhuman study, we measured intramyocardiocellular glucose metabolism from time-activity curves generated from previously obtained positron emission tomography scans of 110 subjects in 3 groups: nonobese, obese, and diabetes. Group and sex difference interacted in the prediction of all glucose uptake, utilization, and metabolism rates. Group independently predicted fractional glucose uptake and its components: glycolysis, glycogen deposition, and glucose oxidation rates. Sex difference predicted glycolysis rates. However, there were fewer differences in glucose metabolism between diabetic patients and others when plasma glucose levels were included in the modeling. The potentially detrimental effects of obesity and diabetes on myo-cardial glucose metabolism are more pronounced in men than women. This sex difference dimorphism needs to be taken into account in the design, trials, and application of metabolic modulator therapy. Slightly higher plasma glucose levels improve depressed glucose oxidation and glycogen deposition rates in diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1510-H1516
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2015


  • Glucose metabolism
  • Glucose oxidation
  • Myocardium
  • Obesity
  • Sex difference
  • Type 2 diabetes


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