c-IAP1 (cellular inhibitor of apoptosis 1) has recently emerged as a negative regulator of the non-canonical NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) signalling cascade. Whereas synthetic IAP inhibitors have been shown to trigger the autoubiquitination and degradation of c-IAP1, less is known about the physiological mechanisms by which c-IAP1 stability is regulated. In the present paper, we describe two distinct cellular processes that lead to the targeted loss of c-IAP1. Recruitment of a TRAF2 (tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2)-c-IAP1 complex to the cytoplasmic domain of the Hodgkin's/anaplastic large-cell lymphoma-associated receptor, CD30, leads to the targeting and degradation of the TRAF2-c-IAP1 heterodimer through a mechanism requiring the RING (really interesting new gene) domain of TRAF2, but not c-IAP1. In contrast, the induced autoubiquitination of c-IAP1 by IAP antagonists causes the selective loss of c-IAP1, but not TRAF2, thereby releasing TRAF2. Thus c-IAP1 can be targeted for degradation by two distinct processes, revealing the critical importance of this molecule as a regulator of numerous intracellular signalling cascades.
- Inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP)
- Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)
- Second mitochondrial-derived activator of caspase (Smac)/ direct inhibitor of apoptosis-binding protein with low pI (DIABLO)
- Tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF)