Two-and-a-half-year clinical experience with the world's first magnetic resonance image guided radiation therapy system

Benjamin W. Fischer-Valuck, Lauren Henke, Olga Green, Rojano Kashani, Sahaja Acharya, Jeffrey D. Bradley, Clifford G. Robinson, Maria Thomas, Imran Zoberi, Wade Thorstad, Hiram Gay, Jiayi Huang, Michael Roach, Vivian Rodriguez, Lakshmi Santanam, Harold Li, Hua Li, Jessika Contreras, Thomas Mazur, Dennis HallahanJeffrey R. Olsen, Parag Parikh, Sasa Mutic, Jeff Michalski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations


Purpose Magnetic resonance image guided radiation therapy (MR-IGRT) has been used at our institution since 2014. We report on more than 2 years of clinical experience in treating patients with the world's first MR-IGRT system. Methods and materials A clinical service was opened for MR-IGRT in January 2014 with an MR-IGRT system consisting of a split 0.35T magnetic resonance scanner that straddles a ring gantry with 3 multileaf collimator-equipped 60Co heads. The service was expanded to include online adaptive radiation therapy (ART) MR-IGRT and cine gating after 6 and 9 months, respectively. Patients selected for MR-IGRT were enrolled in a prospective registry between January 2014 and June 2016. Patients were treated with a variety of radiation therapy techniques including intensity modulated radiation therapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). When applicable, online ART was performed and gating on sagittal 2-dimensional cine MR was used. The charts of patients treated with MR-IGRT were reviewed to report on the clinical and treatment characteristics of the initial patients who were treated with this novel technique. Results A total of 316 patients have been treated with the MR-IGRT system, which has been integrated into a high-volume clinic. The cases were most commonly selected for improved soft tissue visualization, ART, and cine gating. Seventy-six patients were treated with 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy, 146 patients with intensity modulated radiation therapy, and 94 patients with SBRT. The most commonly treated disease sites were the abdomen (28%), breast (26%), pelvis (22%), thorax (19%), and head and neck (5%). Sixty-seven patients were treated with online ART over a total of 244 adapted fractions. Cine treatment gating was used for a total of 81 patients. Conclusions MR-IGRT has been successfully implemented in a high-volume radiation clinic and provides unique advantages in the treatment of a variety of malignancies. Additional clinical trials are in development to formally evaluate MR-IGRT in the treatment of multiple disease sites with techniques such as SBRT and ART.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Radiation Oncology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2017


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