Turf Toe and Sesamoiditis

Kevin A. Schafer, Jeremy J. McCormick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two of the more common sporting injuries involving the forefoot are acute capsuloligamentous injuries at the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint and overload injuries of the sesamoid complex. These terms are referred to as turf toe and sesamoiditis, respectively, neither of which is descriptive or specific for the underlying cause of the patient's pain. Turf toe injuries can range from mild sprains to complete disruptions of the plantar capsule, requiring a careful understanding of each patient's injury to facilitate a timely return to sport. Sesamoiditis in the athlete is commonly secondary to a stress fracture, osteonecrosis, or chondromalacia, and warrants nonoperative care prior to a surgical intervention. In the following section, we will review the pertinent anatomy, common presentations, and recommendations for treating these injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150869
JournalOperative Techniques in Sports Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Plantar Plate Injury
  • Sesamoiditis
  • Turf Toe


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