The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the thiazolidinedione troglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ ligand, attenuates hypoxia-induced trophoblast injury. Cytotrophoblasts from 4 term human placentas were cultured in the presence or absence of 10 μmol/L troglitazone in either 20% oxygen (standard conditions) or 1% oxygen (hypoxic conditions) for variable periods before cell harvest. Medium β-human chorionic gonadotropin and human placental lactogen were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Apoptosis was quantified by cytokeratin-18 cleavage products staining; p53 expression was examined by Western blot analysis. β-human chorionic gonadotropin and human placental lactogen levels were ≥2-fold higher in troglitazone-exposed cells at 16 hours of hypoxia, compared with vehicle control cells (P <.05). The apoptotic index was reduced by ≥30% (P <.001), and the expression of p53 was 2-fold lower (P <.02) in troglitazone-exposed cells under hypoxia for ≤16 hours but not different after >24 hours of low oxygen. Troglitazone attenuates the influence of acute hypoxia on cultured term human trophoblasts.
- Peroxisome proliferator activated eceptor-γ