Tricuspid annulus cinching force under pulmonary hypertensive right ventricle conditions: An ex vivo study

Andrew Behrmann, Kate Appleman, Pirooz Eghtesady, Shamik Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates the force required to reduce or “cinch” the tricuspid annulus under elevated right ventricular pressures, commonly seen in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Tricuspid regurgitation affects 1.6 million Americans. Approximately 43% of patients who undergo tricuspid valve repair to correct tricuspid regurgitation will develop residual pulmonary hypertension, putting them at risk for developing increased right ventricle pressures. Previous studies have quantified the forces required to cinch the tricuspid annulus by only pressurizing the right ventricle, leaving out forces from the pressurized left ventricle and septal wall unaccounted for. This study pressurized both left and right ventricles of 10 porcine hearts to their normal physiological pressures of 110 mmHg and 30 mmHg respectively, then increased right ventricular pressures to mimic moderate and severe pulmonary hypertension. A suture was anchored around the free wall of the tricuspid annulus with the free end attached to a force transducer. The force transducer was mounted on a slider system which pulled the suture at regular intervals. The cinching force on the tricuspid annulus was quantified with each annular reduction by simulating peak systole condition in both ventricles. The data was compared with only the right ventricle pressurized as previous studies did. There were significant differences in required cinching forces with each increase in right ventricular pressure and between trials that pressurized both ventricles versus only the right ventricle, suggesting adoption of this physiologically improved protocol. We also found with increased cinching of the tricuspid annulus, notable changes occur in the mitral annulus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110488
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
StatePublished - Jun 23 2021


  • Mitral annulus
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Tricuspid annuloplasty
  • Tricuspid annulus
  • Tricuspid regurgitation


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