Trends in Utilization of Aortic Valve Replacement for Severe Aortic Stenosis

Shawn X. Li, Nilay K. Patel, Laura D. Flannery, Alexandra Selberg, Ritvik R. Kandanelly, Fritha J. Morrison, Joonghee Kim, Varsha K. Tanguturi, Daniela R. Crousillat, Ayman W. Shaqdan, Ignacio Inglessis, Pinak B. Shah, Jonathan J. Passeri, Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Arminder S. Jassar, Nathaniel B. Langer, Alexander Turchin, Sammy Elmariah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background: Despite the rapid growth of aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis (AS), limited data suggest symptomatic severe AS remains undertreated. Objectives: This study sought to investigate temporal trends in AVR utilization among patients with a clinical indication for AVR. Methods: Patients with severe AS (aortic valve area <1 cm2) on transthoracic echocardiograms from 2000 to 2017 at 2 large academic medical centers were classified based on clinical guideline indications for AVR and divided into 4 AS subgroups: high gradient with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (HG-NEF), high gradient with low LVEF (HG-LEF), low gradient with normal LVEF (LG-NEF), and low gradient with low LVEF (LG-LEF). Utilization of AVR was examined and predictors identified. Results: Of 10,795 patients, 6,150 (57%) had an indication or potential indication for AVR, of whom 2,977 (48%) received AVR. The frequency of AVR varied by AS subtype with LG groups less likely to receive an AVR (HG-NEF: 70%, HG-LEF: 53%, LG-NEF: 32%, LG-LEF: 38%, P < 0.001). AVR volumes grew over the 18-year study period but were paralleled by comparable growth in the number of patients with an indication for AVR. In patients with a Class I indication, younger age, coronary artery disease, smoking history, higher hematocrit, outpatient index transthoracic echocardiogram, and LVEF ≥0.5 were independently associated with an increased likelihood of receiving an AVR. AVR was associated with improved survival in each AS-subgroup. Conclusions: Over an 18-year period, the proportion of patients with an indication for AVR who did not receive AVR has remained substantial despite the rapid growth of AVR volumes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-877
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 8 2022


  • aortic stenosis
  • surgical aortic valve replacement
  • transcatheter aortic valve implantation


Dive into the research topics of 'Trends in Utilization of Aortic Valve Replacement for Severe Aortic Stenosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this