Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe national trends in surgery for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Study Design: We used data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey, a federal dataset sampling patient discharges from US inpatient hospitals. We analyzed patient and hospital demographics and International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnostic and procedures codes for 1979-2004. Age-adjusted rates per 1000 women were calculated with 1990 US Census population data. Results: The number of women who have undergone SUI surgery each year increased from 48,345 in 1979 to 103,467 in 2004. In women ≥ 52 years old, the age-adjusted rate more than doubled from 0.64-1.60 procedures per 1000 women; in women < 52 years old, the age-adjusted rate fell from 0.57-0.47. Age-adjusted rates for retropubic urethral suspension (ICD-9-CM, 59.5) fell from 0.37 in 1979 to 0.14 in 2004. For suprapubic sling procedures (ICD-9-CM, 59.4), the age-adjusted rates rose from 0.02 in 1979 to a peak of 0.10 in 1997 and then fell to 0.03 in 2004. Age-adjusted rates for other repair of urinary stress incontinence (ICD-9-CM, 59.79) rose from 0.06 in 1979 to 0.64 in 2004. Conclusion: The number of women who have undergone SUI surgery increased significantly from 1979-2004. Because the National Hospital Discharge Survey data do not include ambulatory procedures, accurate information on same-day surgeries is unavailable. Currently no ICD-9-CM procedure code exists specifically for midurethral sling procedures. Both missed sampling of same-day procedures and nonspecific or inaccurate coding may explain the surprising decline in suprapubic sling procedures and the rise in rates of other repair of SUI. A national ambulatory surgical database and a specific code for midurethral sling are needed to capture these important data.
- hospital discharge data
- rate of stress incontinence surgery
- stress urinary incontinence